Wolfenstein 3D was not exactly the first FPS, but it was the basis of the style. After more than 30 years of launching the first title-bearing game with the release of Wolfenstein II: The New Colossus , we thought it was a good time to reminisce about the franchise’s history.
Castle Wolfenstein – 1981
The first Wolfenstein, which is actually called Castle Wolfenstein , is from 1981, developed by Silas Warner and released for Apple II. The game premise is as follows – the Nazis arrested you and took you to “Wolfenstein Castle” to be interrogated, tortured and then killed. The last “guest” of the place left you a letter and a weapon that you could steal from a guard. Your goal? Get out of that place! And if you can get in the way and steal some documents, it also helps.
This game still had a sequel, called Beyond Castle Wolfenstein , in which you, having already escaped from a Nazi prison, had to infiltrate a German bunker and murder none other than Hitler himself.
Wolfenstein 3D – 1992
Following this same premise, Wolfenstein 3D arrived in 1992, by id Software – the work of John Carmack and John Romero. And after that, the games were never the same.
In it, you are in the shoes of Captain William J, known as BJ Blazkowicz, whose mission was to infiltrate a Nazi fortress and steal the plans of Operation Eisenfaust. The problem is that he was caught and taken to the Wolfenstein prison – and you, the player, need to help him escape.
This game was a milestone for many reasons – it was the first FPS to bring an elaborate 3D look, with textures on the walls, doors, hidden rooms and enemies that could be seen from various angles. Do you know the standard of FPS weapons – knife, pistol, decent automatic weapon, and that special weapon that destroys everything? Also started in Wolfenstein 3D. The gameplay he presented was the basis for the FPSs for many years.
Spear of Destiny – 1992
In the same year, id Software released the game Spear of Destiny , which is the continuation of Wolfenstein 3D, even without having the name in the title. The game takes place before the story of the original, with a more fanciful plot – the Nazis plan to steal a spear that promises to give invincibility to who owns it. And you, again in the shoes of BJ Blazkowicz, can not let that happen.
In terms of looks and gameplay, the game is almost identical to Wolfenstein 3D. The difference is in level design, which got a bit more “malicious” in the title.
Return to Castle Wolfenstein – 2001
After that, id Software focused heavily on Doom and Quake, and “lent” Wolfenstein’s ownership to other developers. Thus, in 2001 came Return to Castle Wolfenstein , made by Gray Matter and distributed by Activision, under the supervision of id Software. The game has a more modern 3D look than the previous one but has lost its characteristic interface. He stands out for being the first in the series to bring multiplayer.
In 2003, a free multiplayer plug-in, called the Enemy Territory, was released and could be played by anyone who did not have the original game. It turned out to be a free to play multiplayer that is available until today, and if you look, find people who still play.
Wolfenstein RPG – 2008
In 2008 Firemint released the mobile game Wolfenstein RPG , which despite having the face of Wolfenstein 3D, is not exactly an FPS, but rather a RPG per turn half different – every action of combat or movement counts as a turn. In history, you return to the skin of BJ Blazkowicz in Wolfenstein Castle, but instead of the Nazis, fight against the generic army called “Axis”. The game seems to have pleased, even though it is not totally faithful to the original.
Wolfenstein – 2009
The next franchise game, Wolfenstein, came the following year on Activision. It has a more elaborate story, with more cutscenes, science fiction elements from the 1940s and graphics compatible with the generation – but still, it’s about BJ Blazkowicz shooting in the face of the Nazis. The game shared opinions and to tell the truth, there is nothing very memorable.
Wolfenstein The New Order – 2014
Along the way, in 2009, id Software was bought by Zenimax, owner of Bethesda. You see where this is coming, right? It will arrive in 2014, the year of Wolfenstein’s release: The New Order, the first in all those years that had no connection with id Software. The public did not expect much of the game – after all, would the shooter more than 20 years ago really work for the current generation? To the surprise of many people, yes. The game brings back BJ Blazkowicz, but this time in a parallel reality – Germany won the war. It remains for our protagonist to join the resistance and kill as many Nazis as possible.
The game has a beautiful look, a dense history and is super brutal and violent. It was considered by critics a good mix between the most recent shooters and the elements of the past. And in honor of the original game, BJ Blazkowicz has a nightmare with the events of that time – and you, the player, have the chance to revisit Wolfenstein 3D.
The following year Wolfenstein: The Old Blood , which was equally well received by the players , was launched .
Wolfenstein II: The New Colossus – 2017
The proof of success and that Wolfenstein is on the right track is the continuation of the series – Wolfenstein II: The New Colossus arrived that year and kept the same rhythm as The New Order and The Old Blood. The game is a direct continuation of the previous one, and brings a deeper and more emotional story. In gameplay, he gives BJ Blazkowicz some special powers and lets him wield different weapons in each hand
It’s really cool when a game that revolutionized video games is treated with respect, and it stays relevant more than 20 years later, right? Well, the way to face Nazi never gets old …
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